If it lives up to its expectations, the plane could revolutionize the airline industry and earn Boeing billions of dollars in the process. Boeing is a legendary manufacturer of some of the highest profile and most consequential aircraft in history, from the B-17 of World War II, to the immensely successful 747 jumbo jet, to the most popular airliner ever, the 737. But this quintessential American company may be facing its most challenging moment. Will Boeing’s big bet pay off? The long awaited Dreamliner comes after nearly a decade of development, billions of dollars in overruns and three years of agonizing delays. The criticism has stung and given investors reason to question Boeing’s economic health.